Annotated Bibliography 1

Stop Thinking. Stop Pondering. Stop Strategizing. Stop Debating. Start Doing.


When being introduced to the NAMES project, I witnessed an array of multiple different quilts and panels in the design of blocks in order to symbolize the immense negative breakthrough that HIV/AIDS had on specific areas around the world. This project is built around each student being able to choose between thousands of panels to conduct research upon. To be honest, at the beginning of this English course I was unable to descriptively depict what type of project this was going to be and I have to say that this is something that completely different than anything I have ever done before. An amazing experience to be able to examine the strengths and weaknesses of different writing skills and habits that come with this project. While assisting my peers and my teacher in the NAMES project I am learning how to analyze certain sources and topics to be able to incorporate those into my writing techniques. Additionally, through these techniques, I am learning through my professor, peers, through my own mistakes and attempts to be a better writer and even a decent journalist which are traits that will carry on with me for the rest of my life.

Nevertheless, in this project, we were able to pick from the thousands of said panels among groups of quilts that were also known as blocks. We were sent to a certain area that housed the quilts in order for us to travel to and see in the person of which panel(s) that we chose. The panel I chose showed the subject’s name in big bold letters that were on the cover of a bold red background. This background not only sheds a very strong shade of red but also alighted a colorful and extravagant rainbow which were sprinkled with many musical notes. Additionally, there was something special that also caught my eye which could be described as both the art style and simplistic nature of the bright hue, warm-colored front. Not only that but I believe the person I chose had a great affinity for animals, nature, and music due to the musical notes, rainbow and little brown dog pictured towards the bottom of the panel. These musical notes were scattered so peacefully all over the beautiful panel in such a way that caught my eyes and ultimately led to me choosing such a panel.

James William Popejoy, also known by the nickname of Jimmy Popejoy, was a middle son in a family of five boys. With the coming questions that I had, I knew there were many I could not leave unanswered and that in itself encouraged my research.


Archer, Marlee “HIV/AIDS: A growing Atlanta epidemic” Georgia State Signal, 2015

This source is authored by a woman by the name of Marlee Archer who is a freelance writer who just so happens to be a Georgia State Alumni and who also happens to be doing research on the same topic as me. As a student who attends Georgia State and somewhat heedless towards the true ultimatum that remains of HIV in our residing city, I remain full of questions and engaged towards the issue. Additionally, Marlee uses very relevant studies that express the globalization of the epidemic that is HIV/AIDS not to mention but she took the initiative to dive deep into the source of her own area in Atlanta. In her article, she represents the majority of the students that attend school Atlanta which range between the ages of 13 to 24 according to The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

“The CDC also states Atlanta is ranked the fifth highest city for new HIV diagnoses in its 2013 report.” This shows the seriousness and gravity of this situation that envelopes over the city of Atlanta.  “Andres F. Camacho-Gonzalez MD, Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at Emory University, said he believes these statistics are indicative of an HIV epidemic in Atlanta, which he defines as a high number of new documented HIV infections.” is something that may not be underestimated as a minor problem that will blow over within time. By backing many of her arguments with thorough research and solid support sources, I say that this source will be very useful in the stride I will be taking for assisting in the N.A.M.E.S Project.


“Despite Atlanta being a city that is leading the way with African American businesses, philanthropy, entertainment and politics, there is one aspect that is tearing the city down: its HIV rate. It’s gotten so bad that it is a public health emergency.” This is a statement made by Dr. P. Gould that not only represents the truth but also sets the overall depth of the situation that Atlanta seems to be going through. Although seems somewhat of a simple and straightforward statement, this spreads out to not only represent the city of Atlanta but also representing problems in external areas as well, which relates to my research.

In the research of this source, I see that Dr. P. Gould dives into the main argument that Atlanta’s HIV rate is so grave and so severe it is like that of a third world country. I use this source as part of my analysis because this is relatable to my research on South Africa and will assist me in my systematic study of sex and HIV infection rates.

Kristine L. Dunkle, Rachel K. Jewkes, Heather C. Brown, Glenda E. Gray, James A. McIntryre, Sioban D. Harlow “Transactional sex among women in Soweto, South Africa: prevalence, risk factors and association with HIV infection” Science Direct, 2004 (Scholarly Source)

It is with great evidence and research that this source proves to be useful in using the information gathered from high HIV rates in South Africa to also explain the many issues that also take part in Atlanta. In this article, they take the course of explaining that prostitutes are an example of air fanning the flames, thereby acting as an additional reason why the infection rates are increasing. This problem in South Africa relates so greatly to my research upon the comparisons of other areas to Atlanta because of the fact that Atlanta also has the issue of human trafficking and prostitution.

Nevertheless, what makes this article exclusively and especially important is because they dig deeper into the roots of the issue. This also ties in with my first source being that this article also puts demographics into play which is considering who are the “general people” that are infected with this virus. “The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of such transactional sex among women attending antenatal clinics in Soweto, South Africa, to identify demographic and social variables associated with reporting transactional sex, and to determine the association between transactional sex and HIV serostatus.” Additionally, it is worth noting that this source may be overlooked by many because of the date that this article was initially published however I argue that this source still remains valuable and viable to this day due to the fact that these issues are created and inflated through the same means which is sex. The main issue that lies is because that this such an inflating issue, people are becoming discriminated for their infection, people of the LGBT community are discriminated against often for the same matter. I argue that there are many times where people may need to look in the past to solve current problems and this article will assist me in such a subject.


John E. Anderson, Laura Kann, Deborah Holtzman, Susan Arday, Ben Truman and Lloyd Kolbe “HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Sexual Behavior Among High School Students” JSTOR, 1990 (Scholarly Source)

This source is a provided article that expresses the attitudes and behaviors between high school students of the subject of HIV/AIDS. Simply enough, I wish to use this article as a source for my research mainly because this is partly an example of how HIV/AIDS can affect a number of people depending on the area and age of the victims. Of course, this area can vary but unambiguously this source is set in the country of America and more specifically the high schools that reside within. Additionally, I use this article not only as a source but mostly as support for my argument towards whether students are respectively being taught the potential health risks of HIV/AID.

It can be respected as I use this source even as it is from 1990 because compared to recent research, this will show the difference in the changes that we have made in the knowledge of HIV in America. As what I said in my prior source, how can we possibly ever move forward as human beings without being able to prevent reoccurring problems? In many cases we must look back and see how much we have solved and achieved thereby, continuing to use former research so we not only prevent the same problems from happening again but by also finding new solutions by providing an even deeper analysis. Moreover, this article also provides a thorough examination of the HIV/AIDS education that was taught in the surrounding schools of America. “By the end of September 1990, more than 147,000 cases of AIDS had been reported in the United States, some of these represent young adults who engaged in risk behaviors during their adolescent years. To control the spread of the AIDS virus, effective education programs aimed at adolescents are essential.” Using this source will provide strong support usage with my ongoing and future arguments thereby increasing credibility and awareness with the information I use in my research.

AIDSVu – HIV Prevalence Rates, 2010-2015

This source is not an article but simply statistics on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS. This website gives you a clear, outright picture that describes the condition of which the city of Atlanta is in. They give the statistics of Prevalence, New Diagnoses, Mortality, Demographics, rates of sexually transmitted diseases etc. While articles may be the way many other students and scholars are gathering their information on this project, I argue that there also needs to be placed for straight data and informal stats as well. Correspondingly, there are ways to share statistics through articles of course, but I feel that this is a simpler way to directly show the relationship between written information and numeral information. However, this source is not supposed to completely differ you from sources that consist of written articles or journals alike, but to bring demographics and variance into the topic.

This website shows many relations between HIV diagnoses in Atlanta and in surrounding Georgia thereby showing you that Atlanta makes up a big portion while being compared in the graphs provided. Additionally, as I said prior, these websites bring varying demographics into realization, the estimated HIV prevalence rate of black males living with an HIV diagnosis is 4.7 times that of white males and black females are 14.1 times that of white females. Similarly, an estimated amount of 70% of people living with diagnosed HIV in 2015 was Black, 7% Hispanic/Latino and 19% White. In future interpretation, you can use these statistics however you want to for further study. This source provides numerous doors to different outlooks upon examination and can be especially used for research of such work that I am doing for my N.A.M.E.S Project.